Time in Algeria (Africa)

What is the Time in Algeria

The current local time in Algeria is runing on the analog clock above live. Algeria is located in the northern Africa. At this time in Algeria the zone time is UTC+1:00 hour or one hour ahead of the UTC (Coordinated Universal Time). At this time Algeria does not use DST or Daylight Saving Time. Hence, throughout the year time in Algeria is UTC+1:00 hours. At this time the capital of Algeria is Algiers situated in 36042'N and 36042N 03013E.

Area, Population and GDP at this Time in Algeria

At this time in Algeria the total area of 2,381,741 square kilometers with hardly any area covered by water. Despite the lack of water at this time in Algeria, there are about 40.4 million people living there as estimated in 2016. The 2013 census showed that there are 37.9 million people with a population density of about 16 people per square kilometer. At this time in Algeria, the GDP is estimated in the year 2016 as $599.8 billion with a per capita of $14,600. However, the nominal GDP is estimated at $181.7 billion with a per capita of $4,425 in the same year. Plague is a disease that has repeatedly struck the population in Algeria and about 30,000 people died in 1620-21. Again similar fatal plague spread in 1654 for three years, 1665, 1691 and again 1740.

Climate at this Time in Algeria

At this time in Algeria, the climate is hot. The temperatures in the noon time could be very hot throughout the year. Since the air is dry and clear, the ground radiates heat fast. Loss of heat at night cools the temperatures making the nights cool to really cold. Thus the temperatures low and high range is very large at this time in Algeria. Officially recorded highest temperature in Salah, Algeria was 50.6 degree Centigrade or 123 deg F. In the coastal regions especially the Tell Atlas areas the rains are plenty up to 40 to 70 cm yearly with the heaviest being in eastern Algeria where the rainfall could be 100 cm or more at times. But further into the interiors of Algeria the rainfall is much less. The summer winds blow and create shifting sand dunes between the mountains called ergs.

Tourism at this Time in Algeria

At this time in Algeria, Tourism is being given importance. Prior to 2004, tourism industry was suffering due to lack of facilities. The tourism industry in Algeria is growing at this time thanks to its development strategy. A log ot hotels are being built. There are several UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Algeria which includes Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad, the first capital of the Hammadid empire, then Tipasa which is a Phoenician and then later on became the Roman town, then there are Roman ruins like Djemila nd Timgad, a lime stone valley caled the M'Zab Valley which as an Urbanised Oasis, then there is Citadel of Casbah of Algiers. There is also the natural World Heritage Site in Tassili n'Ajjer, which is a mountain range. In spite of all this the tourism adds just about 1% to its GDP because at this time Algeria gets ust about 200,000 tourists every year. Mostly large groups of Ethnic Algerian French citizen and Tunisians visit Algeria. At this time Algeria is working with the World Tourism Organisation to improve the infrastructure like hotels and other attractions to bring in more tourists. They have achieved some success as the tourism has been growning although at a slow rate.

Government at this Time in Algeria

At this time in Algeria, the government is Unitary Semi Presidential People's Republic with its own President and a Prime Minister. Starting from 1848 till the independence of the country, France administered the whole of Mediterrnean region of Algeria as their own integral part. Algeria happens to be the longest held French territory. But Algeria got compeltely independent only in March 1962 with the evian agreements and the July 1962 Self-Determination Referendum. Over 900,000 people are known to have fled from Algeria when the Onan Massacre of 1962 when hundreds of militants entered the Eruopean secitions and began attacking civilians. Morroco's claim to the parts of West Algerial led to the Sand War in 1963. In 1965 the ruling government was overthrown in 1965.  But when the oil prices crashed in the 1980's problems started with civil unrest in the economic recession. At this time the multiparty system was introduced and political parties started forming. Bu 1991 sort of stable government was already in place.

In the year 1996 Algeria voters approved a new constitution which strengthed the role of the already dominant executive. Under the constitution there was a second legislative body called Council of Nations or Senate that joined the already existing National People's Assembly or Al-Majlis Ech-Chaabi Al-Watani. The number of seats in this National People's Assembly was increased from 380 to 389 in 2002. Members are elected into it for a term of five years. The Council of Nations or Senate has 144 seats and a third of the members of the council gets appointed by the President and the remaining two thirds are elected by indirect vote by local as well as regional givernment and the members serve a six year term in office. The consittution requres that at least half of its members are changed every 03 years. The President of Algeria is elected for a five year term and a person can renew his post only once. Notwithstanding all this it is the military that has the ultimate power at this time in Algeria.

Languages at this Time in Algeria

The Official language at this time in Algeria is Modern Standard Arabic. But majority of the population at this time in Algeria use Algerian Arabic called Darja. Colloquial Aleerian Arabic is heavily embedded with words borrowed from French Berber. Berber is recognized as a national language by the constitutional ammendments done in May 2002. Eventhough, French is not official language at this time in Algeria, the world's largestFrancophone country in the world at this time is Algeria. French is used widely in the government, media like newspapers, radio, local tv and even both the educational system from primary onwards and for academic use due to the Colonial History of Algeria.

Why is it named Algeria?

The name Algeria was derived from the Cit of Algiers which in turn was derived from the Arabic al-Jaza;ir which means the Island which in itself was a truncated form of the older Jaza'ir Bani Mazghanna which means the islands of the Mazghanna Tribe. At this time in Algeria the names of its 48 provinces and 553 districts and 1541 municipalities are all named after their seats which is usually the largest city. The names of 24 administrative provinces at this time in Algeria are Adrar, Chlef, Laghouat, Oum El Bouraghi, Batna, Bejaia, Biskra, Bechar, Blida, Bourira, Tamanrasset, Tebessa, Tlemcen, Tiaret, Tizi Ouzou, Algiers, Ajelfa, Jijel, Setif, Saida, Skikda, Sidi Bel Abbes, Annaba and Guelma.